Physio For Lower Back Pain

Physio For Lower Back Pain – Exercises and What to Know

Physio for lower back pain is one of the best solutions a person can do to address back pain. Low back pain is prevalent among adults, most commonly caused by overuse, muscle strain, or injury. Exercises can help people stay active for as long as possible, allowing people to realize back pain isn’t surprising.

Back pain can significantly improve if people stay active, have good posture, avoid activities that may cause or worsen back pain, use ice, and take pain medicine as needed. Once the severe pain is gone, people can endure strengthening exercises for their stomach, legs, and back to strengthen their back.

Exercise can help decrease lower back pain, allowing people to recover faster, prevent injuries, and lower the chance of reinjury. For example, physio for lower back pain is often done at home without any additional equipment. Nevertheless, below will highlight several vital exercises and symptoms, causes, effects, and much more tied to the subject.

Lower Back Pain Symptoms

Lower back pain can vary depending on the person’s age, health, and injury severity. Sometimes the pain can result from sitting wrong, while others may experience pain from a severe injury. It’s best to get through tests done to examine the extent of the ailment.

The pain itself can range from being a dull ache to a stabbing sensation. The main can make it challenging to move or stand straight, with it sometimes coming on suddenly. It can occur during physical activity such as playing a sport or lifting weights. If the pain is not better within 72 hours, you should reach out to a medical professional.

Pain areas: in the back, muscles and bones, hip, or leg

Sensory: leg numbness or pins and needles

Also standard: back joint dysfunction or muscle spasms

Lower Back Pain Causes

Soft-tissue injuries, a sedentary lifestyle, and ageing are common causes of lower back pain. Any injury that damages the intervertebral discs affect nerve roots or causes improper spinal joint movement will evoke lower back pain. Regardless, there are plenty of lower back pain causes, many of which happen from things a person does every day.

Your Job – Any job that involves pulling, lifting, or twisting the spine will lead to back issues at some point. Even if it doesn’t necessarily affect the lower back right away, physically demanding jobs will wreak havoc on the body. Sedentary jobs can also significantly affect the back, especially if the work chair is uncomfortable and causes slouching.

Your Bag – Bags have become a natural part of life. Whether it’s a purse, backpack, or a briefcase that’s flung over the shoulder, the lower back is what supports the upper body. That added weight can have a lasting impact on the lower back, especially if it’s repeatedly done throughout time.

Workouts – As great as working out can be for the body and mind, people can sometimes take it too far. It’s vital to know your limits at the gym and when your body needs a break. Overdoing workouts or going too hard at a sport can cause overextended muscles to affect your lower back.

Other Causes

Posture – Standing up straight isn’t just an old saying that’s been around for a long time. The saying has some truth to it since poor posture can significantly affect a person’s back. A person’s back supports their weight the best when you don’t slouch. 

Weight – People who are overweight are the most common group to experience back pain at some point. Although they might not see the ailment right away, the pain can fluctuate, especially as they gain more weight or get older.

Ageing – A person’s overall physical health declines as they age, no matter how good in shape they might be. An elderly individual may experience back pain from a straightforward activity they usually do. It can become an even bigger issue if they’ve previously injured themselves and ignore the matter.

Condition Causes

Many chronic conditions can cause back pain besides physical ailments or overuse. Common examples include spinal stenosis, ankylosing spondylitis, and fibromyalgia.

Spinal stenosis – Spinal stenosis reduces space around the spinal cord, putting pressure on the spinal nerves. 

Ankylosing spondylitis – A condition that swells the joints of the spine, shoulders, hips, and ribs. It commonly causes chronic back pain and stiffness. 

Fibromyalgia – A condition that causes widespread muscle aches, including back pain.

Muscle or ligament strain – Repeatedly straining your back with heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain the back. Pushing yourself too hard, not stretching, and not being in shape can lead to a higher chance of experiencing it.

Bulging or ruptured disks – A disk can bulge or rupture, pressing on a nerve and causing pain. However, some patients experience no back pain despite a bulging or ruptured disk.

Arthritis – Arthritis can affect the lower back and lead to narrowing space around the spinal cord.

Osteoporosis – The spine’s vertebrae can produce painful fractures if the bones become porous and fragile.

Who is at Risk For Lower Back Pain?

Like any other health ailment, some people are more at risk of lower back pain than others. There are ways to prevent or lower your odds of getting back pain, such as physio for lower back pain, but injuries can happen seemingly out of nowhere.

Most people experience lower back pain in their thirties, but there are examples of it affecting people much young. Ageing increases the chance of getting back pain, but it isn’t the only reason for it to occur. Examples include the following:

Older Individuals – Aging has a significant effect on someone’s physical health, no matter how good in shape they might be. It’s widespread for elderly individuals to experience back pain from an everyday activity they usually do. The issue can become even more severe if they try to ignore an injury.

Overweight Individuals – Being overweight has a significant effect on someone’s overall health. Although an overweight individual may not see its effects right away, back pain will surely come from excess weight. The pain can fluctuate, especially with age or additional weight.

People With Sedentary Lifestyle – Inactivity is a common cause of increased back pain. Not moving or exercising enough can cause the back to become stiff, weak and promote poor posture. People may reduce their activity more while the pain increases, furthering the pain.

People Who Lift Heavy Objects – Although beneficial for putting on weight, lifting heavy weights, especially without proper form, can be devastating to an individual’s back. The injury can damage tendons and muscles in the back, causing severe back pain. Pushing and pulling motions are common for lower back pain, such as lifting at work, pulling sports, or working out.

Adverse Effects Of Lower Back Pain

Pain is an obvious ailment that has a significant effect on any person. Lower back pain specifically can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. Whether it’s acute or chronic back pain, the issue can linger, causing many to feel hopeless about what they can do to get back to normal.

  • Lower quality of life
  • Inability to do everyday activities
  • Make it challenging to walk
  • Can cause new bowel or bladder problems
  • Can cause you to fall, blow to your back, or other physical injuries

Is Physiotherapy Good for Lower Back Pain?

Physiotherapy is an excellent solution for aiding lower back pain. Physiotherapists outline exercises, treatment plans, stretches, and more to improve the moment and functionality of your joints and muscles. It helps reduce back pain, getting you back to where you want to be.

Physiotherapy is also excellent at reducing the chance of hurting your back again, making your back and physicality stronger than it was. The treatment plan varies depending on a patient’s age, injury, and physicality. Regardless, every patient will eventually see progress as long as they listen closely to their physiotherapist.

How to Exercise Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is often aided by making certain motions. Some may feel better by sitting, while others may feel better by standing. Exercises that move you in that comfortable position are successful in treating back pain. It won’t work overnight, but sticking to an exercise regimen can get you back to where it was.

For example, partial sit-ups and knee-to-chest exercises may work best to keep you in that motion if your back pain is gone when you sit. Always talk to a professional physiotherapist before beginning an exercise regimen. Also, be mindful never of doing exercises that further the pain in any way.

Expert physiotherapists will teach you an exercise regimen that you can easily do at home. You’d see your physiotherapist in-between at-home exercising to check on progress and make adjustments for your plan. The physiotherapist will also answer any questions, give other treatment options, and teach you the exercises.

If possible, it’s essential to exercise to a certain extent every day. Aerobic exercise such as walking can be great for the body, especially when healing from a back injury. Even ten minutes a day will be helpful for the body. A few stretching and strengthening exercises will also help, which can vary every day.

Types of Lower Back Pain

The severity of lower back pain is categorized as acute, subacute, or chronic. The diagnosis of the pain is either defined as mechanical or radicular pain. Below will highlight the differences between the pain type and pain category.

Acute Pain – Acute pain is pain that comes on suddenly and lasts for days to weeks. It’s a normal response of the body to an injury or tissue damage. The pain tends to end quickly as the body heals, not requiring any additional measures besides back physio exercises.

Subacute Low Back Pain – Subacute low back pain is more severe than acute pain and lasts between six weeks and six months. The pain is typically mechanical, such as a muscle strain or joint pain, but can last for a long duration. Medical advice is typical for this pain and may significantly impact a person’s ability to live.

Chronic Back Pain – Chronic back pain is extremely severe, lasting over three months. The pain typically does not respond well to initial treatments, requiring a medical workup to determine the source of the pain. Physiotherapy, medicine, and treatment vary depending on each patient, but the process is lengthy.

Mechanical Pain – Mechanical pain is the most common cause of lower back pain. It’s commonly found in the muscles, ligaments, joints, or bones around the spine. The pain is localized in the lower back, bottom, and spine and feels different depending on a person’s motion.

Radicular Pain – Although not as joint, radicular pain occurs if a spinal nerve root is inflamed or encroached. The pain follows a pattern down into the rear or leg and is a specific sensation that’s sharp, electric, and burning. It’s a similar feeling to numbness or weakness, typically felt on one side of the body.

Physio For Lower Back Pain Exercises

Physio for lower back pain is an excellent way to eliminate the issue very well and slowly. Below are a few of the most common lower back pain exercises. These exercises are split into varying exercises for back pain. Back pain can go away from standing, sitting, or lying down, depending on its severity. Sometimes, nothing helps at all.

Remember to talk to a physiotherapist if you are unsure how to do any of these exercises. Also, don’t do any of these exercises if your physiotherapist told you not to or if you feel pain from doing them. Regardless, try to exercise a little bit every day with these exercises to help heal your back.

Exercises if Back Pain Goes Away From Standing or Lying Down

Spondylolisthesis (a spinal disorder in which a bone (vertebra) slips forward onto the bone below it) and poor posture are common reasons your back pain may disappear when you lie down or stand. There are other possibilities, but consider doing any exercises below to help your pain if this is the case. Stop them immediately if the pain worsens.

Alternate Arm and Leg (Bird Dog)

Start on the floor, on all fours, and fix your stomach muscles. Raise one leg off the floor and hold it straight out behind you. Be mindful not to let your hip drop down, curving your back. 

Hold for around six seconds, then, at that point, bring down your leg and change to the next leg. Rehash eight to ten times on every leg. 

After some time, work up to holding for ten to 30 seconds each time. If you feel steady and secure with your leg raised, consider raising the opposite arm.

Backward Bend

Remain with your feet hip-width separated, toes pointing forward. Try not to lock your knees. 

Spot your hands on your back, palms at your abdomen. Stretch up through your spine, entirely through the crown of your head. Keeping your legs straight, twist in reverse over your hands without curving your neck. 

Hold the posture for one to two seconds and get back to standing. Rehash three to five times.


Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet level on the floor. Develop a straight spine position and hold it during the activity.

Fix your gut muscles by pulling your belly button toward your spine. Then, at that point, drive your heels into the floor, press your backside, and lift your hips off the floor until your shoulders, hips, and knees are all in an orderly fashion. 

Hold around six seconds and make sure to inhale typically. Lower yourself gradually to the floor and rest for as long as ten seconds. Rehash eight to ten times.

Hip Flexor Stretch

Kneel on the floor with one knee bent and one leg behind you. Position your forward knee over your foot while keeping your other knee contacting the floor. 

Gradually push your hips forward until you feel the stretch in the upper thigh of your back leg. Hold the stretch for 15 to 30 seconds. Rehash with your other leg, and do two to four times on each side.


Lie on your stomach, with your face down. Keep your elbows on your sides under your shoulders. 

Press your elbows down into the floor to raise your upper back. As you do this, loosen up your stomach muscles and allow your back to curve without utilizing your back muscles. 

Let your low back unwind as you curve up. Try not to let your hips or pelvis fall off the floor. Hold for 15 to 30 seconds. Then, at that point, unwind, and return to the beginning position. Rehash two to four times.

Relax and Rest

rest and relax

Lie on your back with a towel under your neck and a cushion under your knees. Stretch out your arms to your sides. 

Unwind and inhale regularly, but stay in this situation for ten minutes. If you can, do this exercise two to four times every day.

Exercises If Back Pain is Relieved by Sitting Down

Muscular issues such as overuse or a muscle strain can cause back pain relief when you sit down. Sitting down can relieve back pain since movement is what can make patients feel uncomfortable. 

The back is susceptible, but the proper movement can get the back feeling better than it did. Remember not to repeat any of these exercises if the pain worsens.

Double knee-to-chest

Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet level on the floor. Carry one knee to your chest and afterward the other. Try not to raise the two legs together. 

Hold for 15 to 30 seconds, and unwind and lower your legs-each in turn to the floor. Rest for 30 seconds and rehash two to four times.

Piriformis Stretch

Lie on your back and curve your right knee, so your right foot is level on the floor. Get your left leg over your right, so your left lower leg lays on your right knee. 

Utilize your hands to seize your left knee and pull it toward the opposite shoulder. You should feel the stretch in your rear end and hips. 

Hold for 15 to 30 seconds. Unwind, and afterward, rehash with the other leg. Repeat this cycle two to four times.

Single knee-to-chest

Lie on your back with your knees twisted and your feet level on the floor. 

Carry one knee to your chest, keeping the other foot level on the floor (or the other leg straight, whichever feels better on your lower back). Hold your lower back squeezed to the floor. Hold for 15 to 30 seconds. 

Unwind and lower the knee to the beginning position. Rehash with the other leg, and repeat two to four times with every leg. 

To get a deeper stretch, put your other leg level on the floor while pulling your knee to your chest.

Exercises to Try When Nothing Eases Your Back Pain

Usually, when the back is in constant pain, that’s typically a sign of chronic back pain and a severe condition. The condition can range from being a disk injury to a severe muscle strain to spinal stenosis. Regardless, some exercises can help the back, no matter how hopeless an individual may feel.


Get down on all fours on the floor, and loosen up your head, and allow it to hang. 

Round your back up toward the roof until you feel a decent stretch in your upper, center, and lower back. Hold this stretch for as long as it feels good, or around 15 to 30 seconds. 

Get back to the beginning situation with a level back while you are down on the ground. Let your back unwind by squeezing your stomach toward the floor. Lift your back toward the roof and stand firm on this foothold for 15 to 30 seconds. Rehash two to four times.


Lie on your side with your feet and knees together and your knees twisted. Raise your upper leg while keeping your feet together. Try not to allow your hips to move back. 

Hold for six seconds and gradually lower your leg back down. Rest for as long as ten seconds. 

Rehash eight to ten times and change to your opposite side, and repeat.


Lie on the floor on your back with your knees bent at 90 degrees. Your feet ought to be level on the floor, around 30 cm (12 in.) from your back. 

Fold your arms over your chest. If this bothers your neck, put your hands behind your neck (not your head), with your elbows spread apart. 

Gradually contract your muscular strength and raise your shoulder bones off the floor. Keep your head following your body, and don’t press your jawline to your chest. 

Stand firm on this footing for one or two seconds, then, at that point, gradually lower yourself back down to the floor. Repeat eight to ten times.

Front Plank

Get down on your knees and elbows. Fix your legs with the goal that you’re supporting your body on your elbows and toes. 

Hold for six seconds to get toward 30 seconds. Rest for ten seconds and rehash for three to four times.

Hamstring Stretch

Lie on your back in a door, with one leg through the door. 

You should feel a delicate stretch down the rear of your leg. Hold the stretch for a minute. As the days pass by, add more time until you can unwind and allow these muscles to extend for as much as six minutes for every leg. 

Try not to curve your back and not to twist either knee. Keep one heel contacting the floor and the other heel contacting the wall. Try not to arch your foot and rehash with your other leg. Do two to four times for every leg. 

If you don’t have a spot to do this activity in a doorway, there is another solution to consider:

Lie on your back and curve the knee of the leg you need to extend. Circle a towel under the ball and toes of that foot, and grasp the ends of the towel. 

Fix your knee and gradually pull back on the towel. You should feel a delicate stretch down the rear of your leg. It’s difficult to hold this stretch with a towel for a long time, but try to hold the stretch for 15 to 30 seconds. One minute or more is ideal but rehash with your other leg. Do two to four times for every leg.

Pelvic Rock (Sitting)

Sit down, with your feet level on the floor and your backside close to the front of the seat. Delicately roll your shoulders forward. Feel the weight go in reverse on your “sit” bones. 

Stand up slowly, moving your hips and lower spine forward while your shoulders move back up. Rehash 8 to multiple times, delicately shaking your pelvis in reverse and forward.

Pelvic Rock (Standing)

Remain in an agreeable, impartial position with your hands on your hips.

Tenderly move the highest point of your hips in reverse, levelling your back. Your thumbs will turn down somewhat. 

Get back to a neutral position and move the highest point of your hips forward, angling your back. 

Get back to a neutral position and rehash this delicate shaking movement eight to ten times.

Pelvic Tilt

Lie on your back with your knees bent and remain calm. 

“Support” your stomach-fix your muscles by pulling in and envisioning your gut advancing toward your spine. You should feel like your back is squeezing to the floor, and your hips and pelvis are shaking back. 

Hold for six seconds while breathing and repeat it eight to ten times.

Side Plank (Beginner)

Lie on your side with your knees bent, setting your chest area up on your elbow. Raise your hips off the floor, and hold for six seconds. Rest for ten seconds and repeat it three to four times. Change to your opposite side and repeat the process.

Side Plank (Intermediate)

Lie on your side, and prop your chest area up on your elbow. Keeping your legs straight, lift your hips off the floor and hold for six seconds. Aim to do no less than 30 seconds in the future. 

Rest for 30 seconds and repeat it three to four times. Change to your opposite side and rehash the process.


Walking is one of the best things you can do for your back. Many people find that their backs hurt less when they walk. Practice excellent posture as you walk: 

Stand tall since inclining forward or in reverse as you can put a strain on your back. Keep your head up and your eyes forward. Occasionally shrug your shoulders and afterward loosen up them. It will remind you not to keep your shoulders tense as you walk. 

If you happen to feel any pain while you walk or are unable to do it, don’t do it. Always check with your physiotherapist about what to do with walking.

Wall sit

The wall sit exercise reinforces your back, rear, and thigh muscles, assisting you with keeping a solid lower back. 

Remain with your back 25 cm (10 in.) to 30 cm (12 in.) away from a doorway. Incline toward the doorway until your back is level against it. Gradually slide down until your knees are somewhat bent, squeezing your lower area once again into the doorway. 

Hold for a count of six seconds, and at that point, slide back up the doorway. Rehash eight to ten times.

Want to Learn More About Physio For Lower Back Pain?

Hopefully, this guide and information on physio for lower back pain gave you plenty of information to address any lower back issues you’re having. If you have any questions about the matter or physio in general, visit us at Boost Physiotherapy

At Boost Physiotherapy, we’ll get you feeling better with our team of highly educated physiotherapists in physical function and mobility. Make your appointment today!